Bibliography and quote exclusion definitions

Excluding the bibliography

Turnitin's machine learning algorithm understands what elements of the paper to exclude from a submission and dynamically removes them from the Similarity Report. Users don't need to specify a specific bibliography section of their paper; we'll do that for you!

Excluding citations

Turnitin will look for common in-line citation methods using our machine learning algorithm and remove them from the Similarity Report. Both the citation and associated text will be excluded. For quoted text, anything inside the quotes will be filtered out of the Similarity Report. For unquoted citations, the associated sentence will be filtered.

In the rare event that citation and reference detection is not working at the time of submission, Turnitin will default to header-based exclusion. Resubmit your paper at a later time to take advantage of our machine learning exclusions.

Excluding Quotes

Supported marks

Turnitin will disregard any matches that use the following quotation marks:

"..." «...»»...« „…“ 『...』 「...」

Unsupported marks

Turnitin will not disregard matches that use the following quotation marks:

'...'

Block quotations

Turnitin will exclude block quotation (an indented block of text) when the original file is a .doc or .docx file.

 

Turnitin has several exclusion options. When enabled, Turnitin will exclude all content that is between a Beginning Phrase and a Terminating Phrase.

Different Turnitin licenses have access to different exclusion options. Check out the sections that are relevant to you to learn what phrases to use.

Bibliography

Bibliography beginning phrases

  • reference
  • references
  • reference list
  • reference cited
  • references cited
  • reference and note
  • reference and notes
  • references and note
  • references and notes
  • reference & note
  • references & note
  • reference & notes
  • references & notes
  • references and further reading
  • resource
  • resources
  • resources directory
  • bibliography
  • bibliographic Information
  • works cited
  • work cited
  • citations
  • literature
  • literature cited

Terminating phrases

  • appendix
  • appendices
  • glossary
  • table
  • tables
  • acknowledgement
  • acknowledgements
  • exhibits
  • figure
  • figures
  • chart
  • charts

Quotes

Supported marks

Turnitin will disregard any matches that use the following quotation marks:

"..." «...»»...« „…“ 『...』 「...」

Unsupported marks

Turnitin will not disregard matches that use the following quotation marks:

'...'

Block quotations

Turnitin will exclude block quotation (an indented block of text) when the original file is a .doc or .docx file.

Thank you! Your feedback will help us to improve this guide.

Was this page helpful?


We're sorry to hear that

If you have the time, we'd love to know how we could improve it.

Need to contact a human?

Get in touch