Bibliography and quote exclusion definitions

For papers written in English

Bibliography exclusion

Turnitin's machine learning algorithm understands what elements of the paper to exclude from a submission and dynamically removes them from the Similarity Report. Users don't need to specify a specific bibliography section of their paper; we'll do that for you!

Beginning and terminating phrases are still used as a fall back in the rare even of our machine-learning algorithm is unavailable at the time of submission. You can resubmit your paper at a later date to take advantage of this advanced exclusion option.

Quote exclusion

Supported marks

Turnitin will disregard any matches that use the following quotation marks:

"..."

«...» »...« „…“ 《...》 〈...〉 『...』

Unsupported marks

Turnitin will not disregard matches using single quotation marks.

'...'

Turnitin does not exclude quotes between quotes. For example: "This text would be excluded 〈but this text would not be excluded〉 and then this text would also be excluded."

Block quotations

Turnitin will exclude block quotation (an indented block of text) when the original file is a .doc or .docx file.

For papers not written in English

Bibliography

Turnitin can automatically exclude content from a Similarity Report so you can better tailor it to your assignments. We look for specific headings within a submission to understand the beginning and end of what should be excluded.

Turnitin will detect the following keywords and disregard any matches between them:

Beginning phrases

  • work cited
  • works cited
  • citations
  • literature
  • literature cited
  • references and further reading
  • reference list
  • Resources Directory
  • additional reading
  • additional sources
  • annotated bibliography
  • article cited
  • bibliographic record
  • bibliographical references and notes
  • bibliography cited
  • citation
  • cited
  • cited articles
  • cited references
  • cited works
  • endnote
  • endnotes
  • footnote
  • footnotes
  • further information
  • further reading
  • key references
  • list of literature
  • list of references
  • literary sources
  • literature reviewed
  • literature used
  • literatures
  • literatures cited
  • previous work
  • previous works
  • published work
  • published works
  • reference notes
  • references and links
  • references index
  • references list
  • references section
  • referred articles
  • selected references
  • selected works
  • selective bibliography
  • sitography
  • source link
  • source list
  • sources
  • sources cited
  • used literature
  • used sources
  • works received
  • textbooks
  • reference
  • references
  • reference cited
  • references cited
  • reference and note
  • references and note
  • reference and notes
  • references and notes
  • reference & note
  • references & note
  • reference & notes
  • references & notes
  • resource
  • resources
  • bibliography

Terminating phrases

When the document reaches any of the following words in the paper, it will resume the similarity check:

  • appendix
  • appendices
  • glossary
  • table
  • tables
  • acknowledgment
  • acknowledgments
  • acknowledgement
  • exhibits
  • acknowledgements
  • figure
  • figures
  • chart
  • charts

Quotes

Supported marks

Turnitin will disregard any matches that use the following quotation marks:

"..."

«...» »...« „…“ 《...》 〈...〉 『...』

Unsupported marks

Turnitin will not disregard matches using single quotation marks.

'...'

Turnitin does not exclude quotes between quotes. For example: "This text would be excluded 〈but this text would not be excluded〉 and then this text would also be excluded."

Block quotations

Turnitin will exclude block quotation (an indented block of text) when the original file is a .doc or .docx file.

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